Download E-books Politics without a Past: The Absence of History in Postcommunist Nationalism PDF

By Shari J. Cohen

In Politics with out a Past Shari J. Cohen bargains a strong problem to
common characterizations of postcommunist politics as both a resurgence of
aggressive nationalism or an evolution towards Western-style democracy. Cohen
draws upon wide box study to color an image of postcommunist
political lifestyles during which ideological labels are meaningless and exchangeable
at will, political events look and disappear usually, and citizens
remain unengaged within the political process.
In distinction to the normal knowledge, which locates the roots of frequent intranational strife in deeply rooted nationwide identities from the prior, Cohen argues profound ideological vacuum has fueled harmful pressure all through postcommunist Europe and the previous Soviet Union. She makes use of Slovakia as a case research to bare that communist regimes bequeathed an insidious type of old amnesia to the vast majority of the political elite and the societies they govern. Slovakia was once relatively susceptible to communist intervention given that its precommunist nationwide awareness was once so susceptible and its simply interval of statehood ahead of 1993 used to be as a Nazi puppet-state. to illustrate her argument, Cohen specializes in Slovakia’s failure to forge a collective reminiscence of the realm battle II event. She exhibits how communist socialization avoided Slovaks from tying their person relations stories—of the Jewish deportations, of the anti-Nazi resistance, or of serving within the wartime government—to a bigger ancient narrative shared with others, leaving them bereft of old or ethical bearings.
Politics with out a Past develops an analytical framework that would be vital for destiny learn in japanese Europe, the previous Soviet Union, and past. students in political technology, background, East ecu and post-Soviet reports will locate Cohen’s method and conclusions enlightening. For policymakers, diplomats, and newshounds who care for the quarter, she bargains worthwhile insights into the elusive nature of postcommunist societies.

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Download E-books Defiant Dictatorships: Communist and Middle-Eastern Dictatorships in a Democratic age PDF

By Paul Brooker

In the past due Eighties and early Nineties, as democratic events swept around the globe, yes dictatorial regimes held quick in contrast ancient tide. As a lot of japanese Europe emerged after many years of communist rule, dictators in China, Vietnam, North Korea, Cuba, Syria, Iraq, Libya and Iran preserve a company snatch on their energy. How have those rulers remained so stable?

Illustrating how overt defiance of exterior army or political foes has been hired with lasting luck to shore up energy, Paul Brooker examines the political constructions of those 8 dictatorships as a method of explaining their toughness. An instructive and unique survey, Defiant Dictatorships lines rulers and international locations remarkably unaffected by means of the sunrise of the democratic age.

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Download E-books The Idea of Socialism PDF

The proposal of socialism has given normative grounding and orientation to the outrage over capitalism for greater than a hundred and fifty years, and but at the present time it sort of feels to have misplaced a lot of its charm. regardless of becoming discontent, many could hesitate to invoke socialism in terms of envisioning lifestyles past capitalism. How will we clarify the speedy decline of this as soon as strong proposal? And what needs to we do to resume it for the twenty-first century?

In this lucid political-philosophical essay, Axel Honneth argues that the belief of socialism has misplaced its luster simply because its theoretical assumptions stem from the commercial period and aren't any longer convincing in our modern post-industrial societies. provided that we be ready to change those assumptions with an idea of background and society that corresponds to our present reports can we manage to repair self belief in a venture whose primary suggestion continues to be as appropriate this present day because it used to be a century in the past Ð the belief of an financial system that realizes freedom in solidarity.

The notion of Socialism was once provided the Bruno-Kreisky-Prize for the Political booklet of 2015.

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Download E-books Constructing Socialism at the Grass-Roots: The Transformation of East Germany, 1945-65 PDF

Within the twenty years following the defeat of the 3rd Reich, East Germany used to be reworked from a war-ravaged profession area into an obvious version of Soviet variety socialism. in line with huge archival study, this ebook explores the development of socialism in East Germany now not from the normal viewpoint of the get together and kingdom gurus. It additionally examines the impression this had on the grassroots point, the place styles of well known opinion, social and cultural continuities from the pre-communist previous and the divided loyalties of neighborhood functionaries performed a vital function in shaping the face of genuine current socialism.

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Download E-books Sylvia Pankhurst: A Life in Radical Politics PDF

By Mary Davis

'Offers a resounding review of Pankhurst's position in Marxist politics after 1918.' historical past this present day In an extended and lively lifestyles (1882-1960), Sylvia Pankhurst used to be a tireless activist for quite a few radical motives, together with women's suffrage, labour stream and foreign team spirit campaigns. She made pioneering contributions to gender and sophistication politics, innovative communist politics and the struggles opposed to imperialism, racism and fascism. additionally, Pankhurst based and edited 4 newspapers, and wrote and released twenty-two books, and various pamphlets and articles. during this biography, Mary Davis presents a much-needed reappraisal of a lady whose contribution to a wide selection of factors is just too usually marginalised or neglected, no matter if because the organization of the 1st black journalist in Britain - the activist and author Claude McKay - or as an early campaigner for pan-Africanism. Pankhurst's altering affiliations and commitments - from her early suffragette actions, notwithstanding her involvement with disenfranchised and impoverished ladies in London's East finish, to her passionate include of the Soviet revolution, the reason for communism around the globe and the struggle opposed to imperialism and fascism - replicate the heritage of radical politics within the 20th century. Mary Davis's lucid and available account of Pankhurst's political lifestyles restores a impressive lady to her rightful position in twentieth-century background.

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Download E-books Missing Marx PDF

By Peter Marcuse

Was East Germany a "Marxist" nation? a few critics say that Marx was once lacking altogether from existence within the German Democratic Republic and used to be sorely ignored; others argue that the citizenry neglected West German marks much more, and that this led to the regimes cave in. either criticisms omit their marks.
When Peter Marcuse and his spouse left for a yr of educating and examine in East Germany in August 1989, they'd no concept that they have been approximately to witness some of the most tumultuous years in German heritage. during this remarable political and private narrative, marcuse chronicles the process occasions because the kingdom barrelled from Karl Marx to Deutsche marks. Marcuse, born in Germany, used to be uniquely in a position to meet and speak with humans in any respect degrees of society, and his description is gifted in a chronological diary of occasions and stories, interspersed with brief analytic essays, which jointly provide a unprecedented inside of photo of "really latest socialism" because it manifested itself in East Germany.
Marcues's mixture of private diary and political research permits us to appreciate the level to which East German society was once socialist, in addition to how that socialism affected humans as they lived their day-by-day lives. His dialogue of the way the political management and the dissident activists tried first to steer after which to maintain with the quick alterations indicates how the dissolution of the country used to be the end result either one of inner motives and of pageant from the Western financial system. His ultimate bankruptcy examines what may be discovered, and probably stored, from the East German experience.

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Download E-books French Socialism and Sexual Difference: Women and the New Society, 1803-44 PDF

This learn explores the meanings ascribed to sexual distinction within the theories of Charles Fourier, the Saint-Simonians and plant life Tristan. Their inspiration of 'the female' as an ethical strength justified quite a lot of social roles for ladies. additionally, 'the female' turned a logo of the concord and co-operation envisaged for the long run. The learn indicates that, whereas those socialists challenged modern sex-role definitions, the hot differences which they created however circumscribed the chances for woman 'liberty'.

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Download E-books Would Trotsky Wear a Bluetooth?: Technological Utopianism under Socialism, 1917-1989 PDF

By Paul R. Josephson

After traveling Russia in 1921, the journalist Lincoln Steffens famously declared, "I have visible the long run, and it works." Steffens stated the social scan of technological utopianism he present in the Soviet Union, the place subway autos and farm tractors might hold the employee and peasant―figuratively and literally―into the 20 th century. Believing that socialism and know-how jointly created a courageous new global, Boleslaw Bierut of Poland and Kim Il Sung of North Korea―and different leaders―joined Russia’s Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky in embracing immense know-how with a verve and conviction that rivaled the western world's.

Paul R. Josephson right here explores those utopian visions of technology―and their unanticipated human and environmental charges. He examines the function of know-how in communist plans and rules and the interaction among ideology and technological improvement. He indicates that whereas expertise was once an emblem of regime legitimacy and an engine of growth, the alterations it spurred weren't unequivocally optimistic. rather than attaining a worker’s paradise, socialist applied sciences uncovered the proletariat to harmful equipment and lethal toxins; instead of liberating ladies from exploitation in kinfolk and hard work, they mockingly created for them the dual―and exhausting―burdens of mom and employee. the long run didn't paintings.

The fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 marked the tip of communism’s self-proclaimed wonderful quest to "reach and surpass" the West. Josephson’s fascinating research of ways expertise either helped and hindered this attempt asks new and critical questions about the an important matters inextricably associated with the improvement and diffusion of know-how in any sociopolitical system.

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